Multan City is a city in the Punjab Provinceof Pakistan and capital of Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about 562 km (349 mi) from Islamabad, 356 km (221 mi) fromLahore and 966 km (600 mi) from Karachi. Multan District has a population of over 4.5 million.
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinah-Tul-Oleyahdue to the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is full ofbazaars, mosques, shrines and ornate tombs. It is located in a bend created by five rivers of the Punjab province. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and theChenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton and sugar cane as well as mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranates.
Multan Division lies between north latitude 29′-22′ and 30′-45 and east longitude 71′-4′ and 72′-4’55. It is located in a bend created by five confluent rivers. The Sutlej separates it from Bahawalpur District and the Chenab from Muzaffar Garh district. District Multan is spread over an area of 3,721 square Kilometers comprising of following four tehsils.
Multan Cantonment Multan Sadar Shujabad Jalalpur Pirwala
Shah Rukan Alam Town Shershah Town Bosan Town Mumtazabad Town Shujabad Town Jalalpur Pirwala Town
5,630 sq. miles (approximately) / 3,721 square Kilometers
1931 – 119000
1941 – 143000
1951 – 190000
1961 – 358000
1972 – 539000
1981 – 732000
1988 – 1,000,000
1998 – 30, 83000 (updated)
About 215 meters (740 feet) above sea level.
Vast plain ground dissected by rivers, canals and narrow water channels
October to March (Temperature and rainfall figures quoted are based on ten years research but may vary slightly) Population Census Organization Report 1981 published in 1984.
The city of Multan is located in southern Punjab province at almost the exact centre of Pakistan. The closest major city is Sahiwal. The area around the city is a flat, alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are many canals that cut across the Multan District, providing water from nearby farms. This makes the land very fertile. However usually land close to the Chenab are usually flooded in the monsoon season.
Multan features an arid climate with very hot summers and mild winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme weather in the country. The highest recorded temperature is approximately 54 °C(129 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is approximately -1 °C (30.2 °F). The average rainfall is roughly 127 millimetres (5.0 in). Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city. The land of the district is plain and very fertile. However, the portions of tehsils Multan and Shujabad close to the river Chenab are flooded during monsoons season.
District Coordinate Officer (DCO):
Multan is a commercial and industrial centre, as it is connected with the rest of the country through rail and air including the other industrial hubs such as Lahore,Karachi, Gujranwala, Quetta and Faisalabad. Industries include fertilizer, cosmetics, glass manufacturing, cotton production and processing, large textile units, flour mills, sugar and oil mills and large-scale power generation projects. It is famous for its handicrafts (carpets & ceramics) and cottage industries. Roughly 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) of the city is still forested in the district. Trees grown in the area are Kikar, Shisham and Mulberry. Large, irregular suburbs have grown outside the old walled town, and two satellite towns have been set up. The mangoes of Multan district are well-known. Multani khussa (traditional shoes), embroidery on dresses for women and men, furniture and other wooden products, earthenware pottery, painted pottery, camel-skin ware, surgical instruments and carpets are a few of the city’s major exports, with a great demand within the country as well.
Multan is an important agricultural centre. Wheat, cotton and sugarcane are the main crops grown in the district. Moreover, rice, maize, tobacco, bajra, moong (lentils), mash (lentils), masoor (lentils), oil seed such as rape, mustard and sunflower are also grown in minor quantities in the district. Mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranate are the main fruits grown in the Multan district. Additionally, dates, jaman, pears, phalsa and bananas are grown in minor quantities in the district.
The city is also rich in minerals. These include argillaceous clay, coal, dolomite, fire clay, gypsum, limestone, silica and rock salt. Most of these are excavated for commercial activities and transported to other cities within the country. Many industrial factories are being inaugurated to handle the separation and quality control of these minerals. The minerals in the city are used in dolomite processing, fire bricks/refractories, hollow glassware, insulators/capacitors and ceramics.
Since Multan is agriculture-based, there is also plenty of livestock still growing at a positive rate, which has led to milk processing/dairy products units, ice cream manufacturing, animal and poultry feed, dairy farms, cattle/sheep/goat fattening plants, meat/poultry processing units, leather garments manufacturing, leather footwear, cosmetics, tinned goods and pharmaceuticals.
The majority of Multan’s residents speak Saraiki, while Haryanvi is the second most spoken language. A good portion of the people are conversant in Urdu. English is understood by the educated. The majority of the people are Muslims. However, the city does have significant Sikh and Hindu communities within the district. There are still many temples and Gurdwaras within the city.
Multan has traditionally been a melting pot of several distinct ethnic groups due to its location at the intersection of all four of Pakistan’s main provinces and due to its historical significance as a centre of learning and culture. As a result, Multan today consists of Saraiki, Haryanvi, Punjabi,Baloch, Pashtun, Sindhi, and Urdu-speaking Muhajirs who arrived at the time of independence in 1947.
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the district, by spoken language:
- Punjabi: 78 (60.23% in the city)(this includes saraiki and all other dialects of Punjabi spoken here)
- Haryanvi: 14.59% (11.01% in the city)
- Urdu: 5.86% (6.64% in the city)
- Pashto: 0.62%
- Balochi: 0.10%
- Sindhi: 0.07%
- Other: 1.04%
In 1950, then-Governor Abdur Rub Nishtar founded Nishter Medical College. Doctor graduates of this institution have spread across the world, and many have become established names in the field of medicine. The new Nishtar Institute of Dentistry provides dental and surgical services to Multan and the adjoining cities. Bahauddin Zakariya University (formerly known as Multan University) are the main sources of higher education for this region. The Swedish Institute of Technology in Multan is a campus of the Swedish Group of Technical Institutes, the largest private-sector organization providing technical education and vocational training in the Punjab. Multan Medical and Dental College is the only private medical institution in Southern Punjab. Now more universities from federal are also open there campuses here in Multan as they are trying to make this city more educated like AIR university and NUML( National university of modern languages ) and a private institute of medical college name MMDC ( Multan medical and dental college ) so these are the few more universities by the help of people themselves mo government is not that much supporting in the field of education in our country.
Multan has connections with other cities by a variety of means of transportation. The district has concrete road reaching up to 983.69 km. The district is linked with Khanewal, Lodhran andMuzaffargarh districts through concrete roads. Buses to Bahawalpur leave frequently, since it is located closely to the city. There are a variety of buses travelling farther from the city. Many of them are now air-conditioned with a fairly good safety record. The N-5 National Highway connects the city to connect to all parts of Pakistan. The road otherwise, known as GT Road, allows connections to Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Faisalabad, Karachi, Lahore as well as Bahawalpur. Coach services such as Daewoo Express, Faisal Movers Express, Niazi Express,Khan brothers transport, Nadir flying coach, Punjab Tourism Department, Skyways and New Khan Bus Serviceare some of the most reliable coach companies operating out of Multan.
Multan is connected by rail with all parts of the country and lies on the main track betweenKarachi, Peshawar, Lahore and Quetta. The main Peshawar-Karachi railway line passes through Multan district. The district then links trains to nearby districts of Khanewal, Lodhran and Muzafargarh districts through the railway network.
Multan International Airport is an airport situated 10 km away from the city centre of Multan. It is not as large as the other airports in Pakistan, as it operates to cater mainly to the population of Multan, Vehari, Khanewal, Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, Sahiwal, and Pakpattan to mainly to other points within Pakistan as well as the Middle East. Flight are currently operated by the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines. However, since the growth of air travel within the region, there has been speculated interest from other private carriers. The rise in air-travel has also led to the expansion of the current airport with a new runway and terminal.
Multan has a friendship agreement with two cities in the world as of 2009:
- Rome, Italy
- Konya, Turkey
|Police Stations||Police Posts||Mauzas||Total Union Councils||Urban Union councils||Rural Union Councils||Cantt. Boards|
How to get there in Multan.
Multan has an airport about 10 Km from city P.I.A.. operates daily flightS between Karachi-Lahore-ls1amabad via Multan.
Multan is connected by rail with all parts of the country and .lies on the main track between Karachi, Peshawar, Lahore and Quetta.
Multan has connection with other cities by bus and coach. Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab operate a regular deluxe coach service between Lahore and Multan.
Fairs and Festivals
Multan is famous for traditional and religious fairs and festivals. There were a .lot of saints whose shrines are the asse’ of Muslims. At every shrine annual. festivals are held Outskirts of Multan are known for fairs and other gatherings.
What to Buy
|Glazed pottery, camel skin products, cotton fabrics and hand woven carpets.|
Hotels & Restaurants in Multan
|Sr. #||Name||Phone #|
|11||Shangri-La Garden||548880, 540618|
|12||Shangri-La Snak Bar||513131|